Developments in irrigation technologies have touched every area of our lives. Irrigation and agriculture have also undergone many changes due to the development of new technologies. With the arrival of new ways of irrigation and equipment, farmers and landscape owners can save and conserve water significantly.
Moreover, technologies have made it possible to irrigate the areas with scarcity of water. There are multiple ways of irrigation that farmers use for watering of crops. Let us check some of the most innovative technologies used for irrigation of farms and landscapes.
Although drip irrigation is not the latest innovation in the agriculture industry, it is still the best way to save water. Drip irrigation involves the spraying of water directly near the roots of the plants for direct absorption. It minimizes the evaporation of water and losses due to seepage into soil.
Although the drip irrigation systems are a bit expensive than its alternatives, they can save significant amounts of water for other purposes. Moreover, drip irrigation is equally beneficial for odd shapes and sloped landscapes.
The development of computerized irrigation systems offers farmers more control over-irrigation. Agriculture businesses and farmers and can control the irrigation process through their computers. The Reinke Automated management systems (RAMS) are an example of a computerized irrigation system. These systems are enhanced control over crop production and custom application programs for water and chemicals.
RAMS is one of the best application to meet the farming requirements in the 21st century. It comes with a temperature control transmitter to protect the entire system for a hard freeze. It means farmers can use it in the low-temperature areas without the fear of freezing of water.
Center pivot irrigation
The center pivot irrigation consists of long steel bars and sprinkler nozzles connected to a central base. The entire system rotates in a circular pattern around a pivot point. These systems can apply water, herbicides, and fertilizers to the crops. The versatility of center pivot irrigation systems can help farmers and landscape owners to achieve high efficiency in watering and other agricultural activities. A few rotations of the system can irrigate the entire field sufficiently.
PDMI irrigation systems
The PDMI (Precision Mobile Drip Irrigation) systems are a combination of center pivot technology and drip irrigation systems. The systems have in-line drip hoses arranged with a 30, 40, and 60 inches space between the lines dragged by the system through crops. It offers you the efficiency of the drip irrigation system with the flexibility of a center pivot irrigation system. PDMI systems offer two advantages – Enhanced water efficiency and Dry wheel tracks.
As the drip line of the system lies on the ground, it reduces the chances of evaporation and wind drifts. Farmers get the efficiency of surface drip irrigation at a low cost for every acre of center pivots. Usually, in the center pivots and linear moving systems, the deep wheel tracks can cause problems. In the PDMI systems, the drip lines are behind the wheels which keep the tires run dry on the ground.
Fertigation and Chemigation
The modern irrigation systems are more capable than just watering the crops. The advanced irrigation systems perform the application of fertilizers and chemicals. In the nutrient management plans of farmers, sophisticated technologies can also be a critical instrument. Fertigation injects fertilizers, soil modifications, and water-soluble products into an irrigation system while chemicals are injected into the irrigation system. Farmers today can use effective fertilization technologies at variable rates.
Smart irrigation controllers
The smart sprinkler controllers are the latest addition in irrigation technology. It is a device that offers you plants the correct amount of water in any season of the year. Smart controllers allow you to prevent the overwatering of crops and excessive run-off. Farmers can schedule the amount of water-based on the type of landscape, weather, and crops.
Rotating sprinkler nozzles
The recent developments in sprinkler technology are nozzles that make a conventional sprinkler head a precision device. It can water any landscape more effectively using 20 % less water. These nozzles shoot multi-trajectory rotating streams to spray water steadily and uniformly than standard sprays and rotors-particularly when adjusted for particular site circumstances.
The water from these nozzles is more resistant to wind, less probable to mist, and considerably decreases street and sidewalk run-off.
These are some innovative irrigation systems that can transform the ways of watering crops for farmers and landscape owners. The irrigation system development companies are continuously working on making the irrigation equipment capable of saving water. Moreover, the arrival of smart technologies has made it possible to control irrigation systems from anywhere. RAMS and PDMI systems are the best examples of technologies that will revolutionize the future irrigation.