What are the Causes and Treatments of Abscesses and Cysts?

Abscesses and Cysts

If you notice any infection on the skin or under the skin, it could be due to an abscess or cyst. While cysts are non-infectious, abscesses can be either infectious or non-infectious, depending on the cause of the infection. Sometimes these infections can be hard to tell apart in the early stages, but once you know the cause of your abscess or cyst, you’ll be able to treat it effectively and safely. Here are some of the numerous common causes and treatments of abscesses and cysts.

Abscess vs. Cyst

An abscess is a lesion that can occur anywhere in your body but most commonly forms under teeth. On the other hand, a cyst is like skin growth that develops due to a clogged pore or further injury. While both types of lesions usually heal themselves after several weeks, there are surgical methods for cyst abscess removal. There are also numerous health-related factors to consider before getting such surgery done. This guide helps you understand when to opt for an abscess removal surgery and when not to.

Causes of Abscesses and Cysts

Abscesses and cysts are a kind of boil caused by pus-forming inside your body. The cause may be an infection due to a virus, bacteria, parasite, or inflammatory skin conditions such as acne, psoriasis, or eczema. To find out what’s causing your infection, see your doctor for a diagnosis. Meanwhile, here’s how you can treat an abscess naturally: Warm soaks help relieve pain and kill off infectious bacteria.

In some cases, you may require to remove or drain an abscess. See your doctor for a professional diagnosis and treatment plan if you do. It would help if you were sure to ask about preventing future infections from forming. For instance, if you have diabetes or poor circulation or are recovering from surgery such as gallbladder removal, knowing how to avoid cysts is key to keeping your body healthy.

Treatments for an Abscess

When you have an infection in your body, your immune system will send white blood cells to attack it. However, sometimes these foreign invaders can be too big for even a well-trained immune system to handle, at which point they’ll cause inflammation that becomes an abscess. For those who feel they’re suffering from an infection that won’t go away on its own or is getting worse instead of better (and should therefore see a doctor), there are two main treatment options: drain or wait. Both options should be discussed with a medical professional.

Treatments for a Cyst

Cysts don’t always require treatment. If a cyst is small, it may not cause any problems and won’t need to remove. However, if a cyst is painful or overgrows, surgery may be required to remove it. Surgery for a spinal cord or brain cyst is done in two stages: The first operation opens up a portion of your spine or skull so that your doctor can safely reach your injured tissue.


Infections occur by germs (bacteria, viruses, or fungi) that enter an opening in your skin. Cysts tend to form on acne scars or certain kinds of moles. Keep cuts and scratches clean by washing them regularly with soap and water to prevent an infection. Do not feel your face if you have open wounds to avoid spreading diseases. Abscess removal surgery: An incision is made just below where the drainage is coming from. The pus then drains out.

How to describe the difference between an abscess and a cyst

There is no difference between an abscess and a cyst. These terms are interchangeable as they both describe a structure that contains pus. Abscesses and cysts can appear anywhere on your body—the most common areas to develop include under the breasts, armpits, or the buttocks. A lump under the breast tissue or behind an armpit may not be easy to see or feel because it’s surrounded by skin and breast tissue. However, if you become aware of a lump or swelling there, it’s essential to see your doctor for further evaluation because it could be an infection/abscess that requires treatment.


The surrounding skin will be warm or red, and there might be pus or other discharge from a swollen, tender lump under your skin. Antibiotics usually clear up most superficial infections within a few days, but treatment can take several weeks. Infected hair follicles may need to be drained by your doctor. Most people recover completely with no complications if they see their doctor early enough. Recurrent infections may be treated with liquid nitrogen or minor surgery to remove some of the hair follicles or scar tissue that is blocking drainage.